1. Training of Law Enforcement agencies, Seharsha, Purnia
The problem of human trafficking has been identified as a problem that needs to be addressed with multi sect oral approach. Police is one of the most important partners is this aspects and hence there is a need for sensitization and orientation of law enforcement officials (police officers). It includes special emphasis on handling human trafficking. Awareness and better understanding with proper orientation of the trafficking issue is a pre requisite for combating trafficking. Training with law enforcement would help in dealing effectively with human trafficking issue in Bihar. Since training the law enforcement especially with police is essential to ensure Anti- trafficking measures, hence appropriate training should be conducted, so that knowledge skill and expertise of the police officials can be enhanced.
The project will help in empowering the prosecutors and police personnel of Bihar on the issue of trafficking.
The training will facilitate in enhancing their capacities to appropriately deal with the trafficker and offenders.
To built a cadre of resource persons in each of the districts in Bihar to carry forward the message of trafficking.
The trainings would facilitate in enhancing the awareness level amongst police officials and prosecuting officers on the trafficking.
To enhance their capacities in understanding and preventing the complexity.
To establish an effective partnership of police with local NGO working on prevention of trafficking.
Police officers as Investing Officers, prosecutors, Supporting Officers, Thana Munshis are the participants of this training.
The training has following outcomes-
- It has empowered Police on issue relating to Anti Human Trafficking particularly in carrying out investigation of cases pertaining to Human Trafficking.
- Training against all exploiters, traffickers and others involved persons under penal provisions.
- It has facilitated in safe rehabilitation of victims of trafficking with his/ her family.
- Participants are highly motivated after training as some Investing Officers and Thana Munshis have taken strong actions in their respective areas.
2. Workshop with NGOs at BVHA
Name of the programme:
Two days Workshop with Voluntary Working Group on the issues of status and condition of children in Bihar.
Rationale of the programme:
As per the Convention of Child Rights, any person up to the age of 18 years is a Child. CRC has detailed the various kinds of rights to a child. Being the signatory of this CRC, India also follows the CRC. It is the matter of verification of the status and condition of children in India whether they are getting such rights or not.Being one of the vulnerable groups, children are facing multiple types of violation of their rights. Trafficking of children is one of the most reprehensible and heinous crimes perpetrated against humanity. In spite of various measures taken to prevent trafficking, the problem has only worsened. The end result is the serious violation of child rights and pushing them to health hazards, psychiatric and psychological problems.
The Bihar is one of the most backward states of India. Due to various reasons like political, natural disaster, shortage of resources, people's mindset, less opportunity of earning for livelihood, increasing population, etc. parents are not capable to feed their children as per their requirement. Thus violation of children's right is the main outcome of this incapability of parents. Due to this incapability, parents send their children to work to earn. Our society is also interested in getting services of children due to cheap labour. The law is present is there to prevent Child labour but its implication is very weak. All these conditions have supported to increase child labour in not only Bihar but to other state also. Bihar is the main source point for child labour to other part of the country. This is due to other reasons also like demand of jobs and earning so that their family could have some financial support. In the age of study, children are either busy in earning or just playing. Engaged of children in work has also increased the unemployment in the country as the vacant works are being fulfilled by these poor children.
Bihar is one of the most vulnerable states for trafficking of children & women due to its socio-economic-political status. It is attached with international boundaries of Nepal & Bangladesh. In-built factors like low socio-economic status of women and children, gender discrimination, domestic violence, illiteracy & unawareness, early marriage, religious practices, varying socio cultural norms added the complexities of this issue.
Following is the outcome of the work of ATSEC- Bihar which has proved Bihar as the most vulnerable state for trafficking and child labour:
Source Area: All 38 districts of Bihar.
Transit Area: Betiah, Motihari, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangunj, Purnea, Darbhanga, Patna, Bhagalpur, Khagaria, Katihar, Lakhisarai, Nawada, Gaya, Rohtas, Muzaffarpur, Siwan and Nalanda.
Destination Area: Betiah, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangunj, Purnea, Saharsa, Buxar, Katihar, Gaya, Aurangabad, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Saran, Siwan and Bhojpur. The district attached with international Boundaries had its own significance. The stretch of international boundaries of Nepal and Bangladesh facilitates the Human Trafficking primarily for the purpose of prostitution, bonded labour, organ transplantation, begging, drug trafficking, cheap child labour, etc. It serves both as source and transit points for vulnerable people.
To find the issues and condition of children in Bihar as per the CRC.
Following are the objectives of this Two days Workshop with Voluntary Working Group on the issues of status and condition of children in Bihar:
- Review of CRC
- Planning and suggestion to United Nations for the addition by action to be taken to fulfill rights of children.
- Status and condition of children in Bihar.
A Two-day Workshop with Voluntary Working Group in all districts of Bihar on the issues of status and condition of Children in Bihar was organized to have an in-depth discussion on the objectives
- Recommendation and suggestions for the child rights by NGOs
- Identification of violation of sectorial child right
- Decision of a survey for assessing status of child rights in 5 constituencies of Bihar
3. Workshop for building positive involvement of interfaith leaders in partnership for combating trafficking of women and children in Bangladesh, India and Nepal
National Inter Religious Priest Forum (NIRPF) is a forum comprising of religious heads from different religious sects. We stand in a unified platform to curb/crusade unprecedented increase in human trafficking through our holy preaching's and sayings. We soil our hands in generating awareness on this issue amidst fellow priests and masses by effective mobilization and information dissemination. ATSEC, Bihar guides and facilitates us in initiating moves to combat trafficking in persons amidst disadvantaged sections specially women and children.
For this, ATSEC- India with collaboration of ATSEC- Bihar organized a workshop for interfaith leaders of all religions on 31 st October 2008 to 2 nd November 2009 at Kathmandu, Nepal to combat human trafficking with initiation for building positive involvement of religious leaders.
To develop & strengthen a forum to understand issues of human trafficking.
To develop strategies in coordination with other priests and people to combat trafficking.
To create awareness among different priests regarding magnitude of the problem.
To develop resource materials in order to create awareness amidst targeted sections
Sensitized media, CSOs on the issue of violence against women, gender and trafficking.
Enhanced political will to fight VAW and trafficking through powerful media.
Capacity building of religious leaders to fight VAW and trafficking through sermons discourses etc.
Enhanced media network and Network of IRPF and extended to Nepal and Bangladesh.